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Policy Framework & strategic Plan

Policy Framework and Strategic Plan

                                             FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA
                                     MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND RECONSTRUCTION                  
                                         Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2014-2014


sawir9I am honored to present the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction Policy Framework and Strategic Plan For the period  2014-2016.

The mandate of the Ministry is to manage, build and rehabilitate government buildings and infrastructures of the country in an effective and efficient way. Ministry of Public Works has always been the custodian authority of all but not limited, infrastructures, buildings, bridges, highways and roads, land plots and spaces etc owned by the central and regional governments. Delivery and support of services, and where necessary, regulate of any entity or individuals having a business-related private matter with the Ministry.

The Ministry of public Works and Reconstruction has a pivotal environment for high performance both for the public and private sectors in the Federal Republic of Somalia. This critical role requires a results orientation in program design and implementation.

The Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2014-2016 will guide the Ministry’s operations in implementing its mandate, while contributing to the achievement of the national aspirations spelt out in the new deal Economic Recovery Plan PSG4 sector.

The Ministry is fully committed to contributing to the transformation of the Federal Republic of Somalia into a globally competitive and prosperous nation. This commitment interfaces with the challenges of being expected to do more and better with fewer resources. Limited resources compel the Ministry to embed a special focus on effectiveness, efficiency and innovation as a priority to improve productivity.

The Ministry is dedicated to realizing a public service that delivers impartial, quality and timely services to all its internal and external stakeholders. To achieve this, the Ministry must be responsive to the needs of National and States Ministries, Commissions, other government agencies, as well as the needs of the private sector. Towards this end, the Ministry will continue to adopt and promote best practices in the development  and upgrading of the country’s infrastructure, encourage innovations and provide advanced  technology practices that foster a responsive public and private service in serving the citizens of Somalia.

The Strategic Plan 2014-2016 has come as the Federal Republic of Somalia has entered its second year of the new deal, and against a backdrop of a government that is committed to changing the quality lives of its citizens through the provision of better infrastructure to bring and restore sustainable health, education, decent jobs, safety and security, and which places great emphasis on the creation of jobs, especially for the youth.

The implementation of the Plan is expected to steer the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction towards the direction of modern forward-looking organizations capable of responding positively to these national needs and evolving global trends in the delivery of public services.

The Ministry will continue to serve the needs of the Public by providing strategic direction through formulation of sound policies, improvement and growth of the services competence and skills base, and by developing a proactive public cadres with ethical conduct.
I would like to conclude by reiterating that excellence in the areas of human manpower, resources management and infrastructure development remains among the key drivers in the national development agenda.

It is my sincere hope that this Strategic Plan will spur this Ministry’s leadership, management and team spirit during implementation. These elements have the power to bring about the reforms in the public service that everybody dreams about, while enabling the provision of quality service to all our Customers.









H.E  Eng. Salah Sheik Osman Muse
Minister of Public Works and Reconstruction





The Policy Framework and 2014–2016 Strategic Plan for the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction articulates the Ministry’s two year strategic direction.

The plan envisages a results-oriented service that is efficient, effective and accountable.
Thus, the bases for the policies, objectives and strategies of the MOPWR are the Government’s National Development Policy Frameworks, Objectives and Strategies.

This strategic plan conveys the Ministry’s shared vision, mission, core values, objectives, strategies, activities and organization structure for the period 2014 to 2016. The implementation of the plan anticipates new levels of creative thinking and innovation. The strategies and objectives set out in this plan aim to strengthen the core activities of the Ministry.

Policy Framework and 2014-2016 Strategic Plan emphasizes the importance of infrastructure construction/or rehabilitation, developing of subsequent and progressive plans and agendas  as the foundation and engine of growth for the transformation and development of Somalia. In this regard, the Ministry aims at achieving the it’s goals during this planning period.

While formulating this Strategic Plan, a number of social, political, economic and regulatory framework
issues have been considered. The Strategic Plan articulates the Ministry’s operations and outlines
programs and activities to be implemented to achieve the set objectives. The proposed measures
and activities are expected to supplement the Government of Somalia’s development agenda.

The preparation of this Plan was guided by the Ministry’s needs to uphold its vision, key operational
values to realize its mission. The key elements of the plan are:


To manage and build the infrastructure sector of the Republic of Somalia in an effective and efficient way, and where necessary regulate the related operations of the Private entities and individuals.
A responsive, well managed and accountable Public Service


To provide policy guidance, regulatory framework and set out agendas based on priority demands of the sector across the nation.


To respond to emerging challenges and to ensure quality service delivery to the public, the Ministry
subscribes to the following core values:
1. Teamwork
2. Responsiveness
3. Integrity
4. Professionalism
5. Equity

With the support of all the stakeholders and the employees’ passion to ensure the Ministry achieves
its mission, we believe this strategic plan will be implemented successfully.
Core values are central guiding principles, which are basic and should not be violated in the conduct
of the ministry’s business. They are meant to guide behavior and form the basis of work culture.

The following chosen core values are to represent what the Ministry stands for, what drives it, what it believes in, and what directs its decisions, actions and relationships among the staff and clients/ stakeholders in conducting day-to-day operations.

Team Work: We contribute fully to the activities of the Ministry to address shared challenges through
common effort by sharing information and resources to create a workplace that fosters community relationship and cooperation. We promote open communication and commitment to public service.
Responsiveness: We shall practice open, truthful, and timely communication with stakeholders. By carefully listening and responding to their concerns and expectations, we seek continuous improvement in our services. We shall seek to meet set deadlines in the provision of our services.
Integrity: We demonstrate impartiality, fairness and honesty while upholding the highest ethical
standards. We seek to remain accountable and transparent in all our dealings as we deliver services to
the public. We encourage our customers to provide feedback on the quality of services we provide.
Professionalism: Our commitment to excellence will be demonstrated by our continuous improvement
through creativity and innovation because we apply and maintain a high level of knowledge, skills
and standards as we provide services to the public.

We shall remain non-partisan while adhering to work ethics and meritocracy as we provide services
to the public. We shall continue to generate new innovations and ideas, methods and adapt developments that add value to delivery services.
Equity: We are committed to provide quality services to every person regardless of race, religion,
ethnicity, disability, gender, creed, economic or health status and age. Apart from respecting diversity,
we shall ensure that all people have equal access to services regardless of their social and economic status.



 The policy framework of the Ministry of Public works and Reconstruction is to facilitate (lay ground rules/mechanisms) the over-all Government National Development Objectives, by encouraging and ensuring the development of infrastructure and other Civil Engineering/Construction Industry related activities.

Its main mandate being regulation, supervision, advisory and direct participation (when it is deemed necessary), with an ultimate goal of an encouraging, regulating, operating and supervising role.

4.1 General

The Ministry of Public Works was established along with other Ministries, Authorities, Commissions, Zonal Administration etc, through subsequent revised laws. An overview of the Ministry’s mandate as decreed reveals a mandate which seem transient in nature, brief in specifics and mainly geared and focused on the immediate need of a reborn state.

The mandate outlines the Ministry’s main functions, Regulatory, Operational to implement projects and a supervision to oversee and control all government projects from initial planning period, bidding process and regular checkup during construction phases until completion for verification.

The new structure which is under study requires new mandate which is flexible in nature, forward looking and in tune with current development strategy and economic realities of the country. To this end, the following proposal to update the current mandate is submitted.

4.2 Particulars (Policy Formulation)

  • Establish adequate capacity in the Ministry to effectively plan and monitor the activities and

Development of the Construction Industry;

  • Promote the economic and efficient utilization of existing local capacities, by making a firm commitment to providing an increasing work load to the industry with minimum fluctuations, but compatible with the overall national development objectives;
  • Ensure increased efficiency, productivity and economy in design, construction manufacture
  • and distribution of construction materials;
  • Enhance quality of design and workmanship compatible with existing economic and social conditions in Somalia;
  • Establish realistic construction costs for the industry, monitor trends;
  • Ensure health and safety measures in all construction activities through formulation and enforcement of appropriate legislation;
  • Ensure even distribution of capacity for construction, technical service, manufacture & standardization of construction materials, equipment and tools throughout the country;
  • Promote research into all aspects of the industry and ensure the optimum documentation, dissemination and application of the research findings;
  • Improve the registration, monitoring and control of all professionals and firms engaged in the construction industry;
  • Establish procurement procedures and conditions of contract which are fair, equitable and efficient;
  • Establish standards and regulations, enforce usage through a centrally coordinated system; and
  • Streamline the composition and activities of all advisory and regulatory bodies to ensure their optimum level of performance and relevance


The objectives of the Ministry of Public Works (MOPW) include but are not limited to:

  • Ensure the development of transport infrastructure that facilitates the Government’s National            Development objectives.
  • Generate employment and income to the people
  • Facilitate social reintegration and communication among the communities
  • Help the productive sector restore economic growth
  1. Roads and Bridges

The purpose of transport infrastructure rehabilitation is to help the economy, improve livelihoods, create income generating opportunities and at the same time promote peace and stability in Somalia. To ensure and encourage the development of trunk roads for domestic, regional and comprehensive networks services.

2.1 Challenges and recommended strategies

Challenges/constraints Recommended strategies
1. Lack of rehabilitation and maintenance Rehabilitation is past overdue and is vital
  1. Lack of proper legal and institutional   framework
establishment of a National Roads Authority
3. High cost of road construction and   rehabilitation Aid Organizations and international donors need to be contacted for funding
4. Lack of reliable data and information Provide reliable data and information filing system software toolkits
5. Urban and city planning has never been made MOBWR needs   consultants to help make this important project
6. Limited capacity of road equipments, machineries and skilled personnel Hire professional skilled cadres where needed and provide the machineries, equipments and tools


Other challenges/obstacles that needs to be solved which are primarily human-made.

 Among them are :           

  1. influx of the internally displaced people (IDPs) in the capital city that has occupied almost every where and even the uninhabitable spaces in the city like the curbs and roadsides.
  2. Over-numbered vehicles causing more damages to the already ill-conditioned roads.
  3. Lack of proper traffic regulations and enforcement, if any, on the streets which helps congestion and accident occurrences causing higher loss of life and property.

2.2 Road Network by Administrative Classification and Surface Type


Type Primary roads Secondary roads Rural/feeder roads All roads Percentage
                                     Length (km)
Paved    2,339        418 N/A    2757    12.6
Gravel        –        844 N/A      844      3.9
Earth        220      3588 14,121 18227    83.5
Total    2,559    4,850 14,421 21,830 100.00

 3.Airport/Air strips

Road transport is the principal mode of internal transport due to a lack of railway infrastructure and  limited coastal shipping. Animals – camels and donkeys – continue to be the most important and only means of transport for many people. With a deteriorating road network, air transport plays a growing role.

Having a coastline of about 3,300 km, coastal shipping has much potential and the development opportunities are manifold.

3.1 Challenges and Recommended Strategies

Challenges/Constraints Recommended Strategies
1.Airports are poorly managed due to low institutional capacity Establish an operational country wide commissioner
2.Lack of coordination and cooperation among Airports Create functioning common practice to improve coordination
3.Poor equipment and facilities especially in   regional airports Improve and supply equipments for operations in all regional airports


3.2 Airports numbers classifications, categories, names and locations


Airport class/Category Number          Name and Location
International    4 Mogadishu, Hargeisa, Berbera and Kismayo
Major    4 Bosaso, Galkaio, Burao, Ballidogle
Feeder    7 Baidabo, Beletweyne, Burao, Bardheere, Kalabeir, Alula, Mogadishu North
Airstrips    45
All    60+


  • Ensure/Encourage the development of air ports and / or air strips that enhance domestic air services and making Somalia a hub for regional air services.
  • Ensure that other infrastructural facilities (fisheries, tourism, energy, water, communication, financial and transiting services, etc…) promote their respective national development
  • Ensure that all public and/or private buildings conform to already set rules and guide lines and serve the purpose.
  • Ensure that the development of Urban, semi-urban and/or villages enhance the government’s development objectives.
  • Formulate National Housing Policy: Alleviate the housing/shelter problem.
  • Ensure that all construction activities are cost effective, safe and environmentally viable.
  • Ensure that an appropriate quality and number of work force is in place in the construction Industry.
  • Encourage the production of construction materials and /or equipment locally.










The strategy needed for achieving the objectives of the MPWR is Establishment of Regulatory/Supervisory Instruments.

  • Proclamation in the legislation of Somali Laws:

¨       Recommendation of the legal status of the MOPWR (mandate, authority, limitation, relationship, etc…)

¨       Recommendation of sub-sectorial policies.

  • Production and enforcement of National Codes/Regulations



The challenges that face to the Ministry in administering many of the projects are associated with problems and lack of adequate studies and designs, lack of complete contract documents before the start of the project and shortage of construction materials and equipment during the construction process. In most cases, there is no well-studied schedule of works and materials and sometimes, it does not exist at all.

It is clear that project management is a challenging and an on-going process that needs to be monitored and regulated on a day to day basis. The challenges that need to be taken with immediate and urgent actions in order to achieve the objectives of the Ministry are as follows:

  • Recruitment of adequate and qualified staff;
  • Assignment of consultants to every project be it new or maintenance work;
  • Availability of signed contract document to every project before commencement of works or/and services;
  • Preparation and abiding by the schedule of works to the contractors before starting any project and during the project period;
  • Assurance of quality control for the projects through performance tests, compliance tests and tests on completion;
  • Implementation of projects on a time bound manner;
  • Requirement of technical and financial audits of projects;
  • Availability of adequate funds to the Ministry to enable timely visits of monitoring and supervising the projects.



  1. Rail:

Ensure/Encourage to Rehabilitate the railway system and study the feasibility of a     regional network.

  1. Ports and Harbors:

Encourage the development of the main ports and/or small ports with particular emphasis of equipping them to become a regional port. Develop other harbors and jetties in line with other national development objectives.



Referring law No. 14 of 6/03/1962 based on the structure of the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia. It replaced the presidential Decree No. 198 of 6/20/1964 which restructured the responsibilities of the Ministry of Public Works of the Democratic Republic of Somalia.

Similarly, considering the revision made to the ministry’s structure and responsibilities law of (Art. 19, Decree-Law No.  1 of 7 February 1965.) p. 7 Amendments to Law No. 14 of 3 June 1962 on the “Organization of the Governments Having clear interpretations of the above mentioned laws (Law No. 14 of 3 June 1962, Decree-Law No.  1 of 7 February 1965), are defining the mandated responsibilities of the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction (MoPWR) which are:

Law No. 14 of 6/03/1962, made for the organization of the Government and substituted the Presidential Decree No. 198 of 6/20/1964.

Article 1

1. Ministry of Public Works and Housing. {Now called Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction}
2.Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction will exercise it’s duties and responsibilities according to this mandated law in particular and will also abide the other binding rules and regulations of the Federal Republic of Somalia.

Article 2
Headquarter of the Ministry  
1.Headquarter of the Ministry is in Mogadishu, and might have branch offices and local and outside the country representatives, if need be.
2. Administrative Committee will decide where the local branch offices and outside the country representatives will be opened.

(Art. 19, Decree-Law No.  1  of 7 February 1965.) p. 7 Amendments to Law No. 14 of 3 june 1962 on the “Organization of the Governments

Article 3   

This Article clearly mandates the Responsibilities of the Ministry (refer to the responsibilities of the Ministry item to read the full list)
Law Act No.23 of 1/25/1978 explains in it’s

Article 4

The Organization Chart of the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction
(refer to the Organization Chart/or Organogram item)

 Article 5

It gives the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction full Authority to fulfill its duties and responsibilities outlined in Article 3

Law No. 10 of 6/11/1987 states the formation of the National Register for public and private works  

Article No. 6

National Register

1.The Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction extracted from the National Register the formation of consultants, companies and public and private contractors
2.Registration is required to anyone taking contracts, construction projects of any type,  construction companies and other contractors taking projects owned publicly and/or privately.
As the Law Book (National Laws Register) states in it’s Law No. 10, section B, that all foreign companies or contractors are bound to obey the contents of section B.

Law No. 41 of 9/13/1973 and Law No. 115 of 9/13/1973 of the Permit of the Land

Article No. 7 reads

Management of Land for Construction

As the above mentioned Laws No. 41 and 115 describes, that only the Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction has the mandated power in the management of Land for construction.
Yet the Law No. 10 of 12/19/1980 regarding the management of Land for construction in Banadir Region is under the administration of the Region is contrary to the Laws of the Ministry’s powers and mandates given to exercise it’s roles and responsibilities.